Ukuqala Kosuku Lwezingane Lwamazwe Ngamazwe

Usuku Lwezingane Lwamazwe Ngamazwe (olwaziwa nangokuthi USuku Lwezingane, Usuku Lwezingane Lwamazwe Ngamazwe) lugujwa ngo-June 1 minyaka yonke.Ukukhumbula isibhicongo sase-Lidice sango-June 10, 1942 kanye nazo zonke izingane ezafela empini emhlabeni wonke, ukuphikisa ukubulawa kanye noshevu wezingane, nokuvikela amalungelo ezingane.

 

NgoNovemba 1949, i-International Democratic Women's Federation yaba nomhlangano womkhandlu eMoscow, eShayina kanye nabameleli bamanye amazwe badalula ngokucasuka ama-imperialists kanye nabaphikisayo ababulawa, bafaka ubuthi emacaleni ezingane.Umhlangano wanquma ukuthi kube umhlaka-1 kuJuni minyaka yonke njengoSuku Lwezingane Lomhlaba Wonke.Ukwenzela ukuvikela amalungelo ezingane omhlaba okuphila, ezempilo kanye nemfundo, ukugcinwa, ukuze kuthuthukiswe izimpilo zezingane, ukuze kunqandwe ukubulawa kwezingane kanye nobuthi ezinganeni kanye nokusungulwa komkhosi.Amazwe amaningi emhlabeni amise uJuni 1 njengeholidi lezingane.

 

Ukusungulwa koSuku Lwezingane lwamazwe ngamazwe, futhi kwenzeka phakathi neMpi Yezwe II isibhicongo - isibhicongo saseLidice esihlobene.NgoJuni 10, 1942, amaFascist aseJalimane adubula abulala izakhamuzi zesilisa ezingaphezu kuka-140 ezineminyaka engaphezu kwengu-16 kanye nazo zonke izingane endaweni, futhi athatha abesifazane nezingane ezingu-90 abayisa emakamu okuhlushwa.Izindlu nezakhiwo edolobhaneni zashiswa, futhi idolobhana lacekelwa phansi ama-fascists aseJalimane.Ngemva kokuphela kweMpi Yezwe Yesibili, ukuwohloka komnotho emhlabeni wonke, amashumi ezinkulungwane zabasebenzi babengasebenzi, bephila impilo yendlala namakhaza.Isimo sezingane sibi kakhulu, ezinye zazo zibanjwe izifo ezithathelwanayo zafa ngamaqoqwana;Abanye baphoqeleka ukuthi babe yizisebenzi zezingane, ukuhlupheka, ukuphila nokuphila akunakuqinisekiswa.Ukukhalela inhlekelele ye-lidice kanye nabo bonke abashonile empini yezingane zomhlaba, ngokumelene nonya kanye nezingane ezinobuthi, nokuvikela amalungelo ezingane, ngoNovemba 1949, abaqondisi benhlangano yamazwe ngamazwe yentando yeningi yabesifazane ababehlangene eMoscow, izithunywa zembula ngokucasuka ukuthi ama-imperialists kanye nabaphikisanayo babulala. kanye nobuthi ebugebengwini bezingane.Ukuze kuvikelwe amalungelo ezingane omhlaba okuphila, ezempilo kanye nemfundo, ukuze kuthuthukiswe izimpilo zezingane, le ngqungquthela yanquma ukuthi kube umhlaka-1 kuNhlangulana minyaka yonke kube noSuku Lwezingane Lomhlaba Wonke.Amazwe amaningi ngaleso sikhathi avumelana, ikakhulukazi amazwe ezenhlalakahle.

 

Amazwe amaningi emhlabeni azoba ngoJuni 1 njengomkhosi wezingane, ikakhulukazi emazweni asonhlalakahle.EYurophu nase-United States, usuku loSuku Lwezingane luhlukile, futhi ngokuvamile kuba nemikhosi embalwa yomphakathi.Ngakho-ke, abanye abantu abaqondi ukuthi amazwe ezenhlalakahle kuphela azoba uJuni 1 njengoSuku Lwezingane lwamazwe ngamazwe.

 

Ukuze kuvikelwe amalungelo nezithakazelo zezingane emhlabeni wonke, ngo-November 1949, i-International Democratic Women's Federation eyayisekomitini eliphezulu eMoscow yanquma ukuba u-June 1 minyaka yonke njengoSuku Lwezingane Lomhlaba Wonke.Ngemva kokusungulwa kweShayina entsha, uMkhandlu Wokuphatha Kahulumeni Wabantu Emaphakathi ngoDisemba 23, 1949 izinhlinzeko, Usuku Lwezingane LwaseShayina kanye noSuku Lwezingane lwamazwe ngamazwe kubumbene.

 

Umqondo “woSuku Lwezingane Lomhlaba Wonke” waphakanyiswa okokuqala engqungqutheleni yamazwe ngamazwe ephathelene nenhlalakahle yezingane eyayiseGeneva, eSwitzerland ngo-August 1925.

 

Le ngqungquthela inamazwe angama-54 azovikela abamele izingane, ehlangene eGeneva, eSwitzerland, ibambe "ingqungquthela yamazwe ngamazwe ngenjabulo yezingane", ngesimemezelo sase-Geneva sokuvikela izingane.Kulesi simemezelo, ukujabula okungokomoya kwezingane, ukukhululeka kwezingane ezimpofu, ukugwema umsebenzi oyingozi wezingane, ukutholwa kwamathuba okuziphilisa kwezingane, nendlela yokusindisa izingane nezinye izindaba, kuba nengxoxo eshubile.

 

Njengoba ukhongolose, ngakolunye uhlangothi wokukhuthaza izingane, izingane zizizwe zijabule, zijabule, ngakolunye uhlangothi futhi ukuze zibangele ukunakwa nokunakekelwa komphakathi, ohulumeni baye babeka “uSuku lwezingane”.

 

NgoNovemba 1949, i-International Democratic Women's Federation yabamba ikomidi eliphezulu eMoscow, yanquma ngokusemthethweni ukuthi kube nguJuni 1 njalo ngonyaka ngomkhosi wezingane womhlaba, okuwuSuku Lwezingane Lomhlaba Wonke.

 

 


Isikhathi sokuthumela: May-01-2022