Umsuka weMay Day

Usuku Lwamazwe Ngamazwe Lwezabasebenzi, olwaziwa nangokuthi “uSuku LukaMeyi”, “Usuku Lwabasebenzi Lwamazwe Ngamazwe” (Usuku Lwabasebenzi Lwamazwe Ngamazwe noma uSuku lukaMeyi), iholide likazwelonke emazweni angaphezu kuka-80 emhlabeni.KungoMeyi 1 minyaka yonke.Iholidi elihlanganyelwa abantu abasebenzayo emhlabeni wonke.

 

Usuku Lwabasebenzi abavela e-United States Chicago abasebenzi bateleka.NgoMeyi 1, 1886, abasebenzi baseChicago abangaphezu kwezigidi ezingu-20 zokuqaliswa kohlelo lokusebenza amahora ayisishiyagalombili futhi babamba isiteleka esikhulu, ngemva komzabalazo wokuchitha igazi, bagcina bephumelele ukunqoba.Esikhumbuzweni senhlangano yabasebenzi, ngo-July 14, 1889, iNgqungquthela yeSocialist eyabizwa i-Marxist kazwelonke, yavulwa eParis, eFrance.Kulo mhlangano, hambela umhlangano ozomela ngokuvumelana ngazwi linye: setha uMeyi 1 njengomkhosi ojwayelekile we-international proletariat.Lesi sinqumo kube ukusabela okuhle kwabasebenzi emhlabeni jikelele.

Ngo-May 1, 1890, isigaba sabasebenzi eYurophu nase-United States sahola ekungeneni emigwaqweni, sibambe umboniso omkhulu nomhlangano wokulwela amalungelo nezithakazelo ezingokomthetho.Kusukela lapho kuya phambili, ngaso sonke isikhathi ngalolu suku abantu abasebenzayo emhlabeni bayahlangana, bagibele, bagubhe.

 

I-May Day igujwa emazweni angaphezu kuka-80 emhlabeni jikelele.

 

E-Afrika, isibonelo, i-Algeria, i-Egypt, i-Ethiopia, iKenya, iLibya, iNingizimu Afrika kanye neTunisia.Cishe wonke amazwe aseMelika;E-Asia, ngaphezu kweChina, kukhona eningizimu-mpumalanga ye-Asia, amazwe aseMpumalanga Ephakathi njalonjalo.EYurophu, amazwe angaphezu kuka-20, kuhlanganise ne-Albania, i-Austria, iBelgium, iJalimane neFrance, agubha uMay Day.

 

Meyi 1 Usuku Lwamazwe Ngamazwe Lwezabasebenzi lwaqala e-United States, kungani i-United States ingenawo uMeyi 1?

 

Incazelo esemthethweni yase-US: amaholide alinganiselayo.Ngemuva kweMpi Yombango, uhulumeni wase-US wasungula uSuku lweSikhumbuzo ngoMeyi.Uma isinqumo sesibili se-International International sango-1889 silandelwa ngokuqinile, kungaba namaholide amabili asemthethweni ngoMeyi.Kukhona igebe phakathi koSuku Lokuzimela ngoJulayi kanye noSuku lukaColumbus ngo-Okthoba, ngakho-ke uSuku Lwabasebenzi lungoSepthemba ukuze lulinganise.

 

Empeleni, kukhona okungaphezu kwalokho.

 

Nakuba ukuteleka kwamalungelo abasebenzi kuqala senzeka e-United States, kodwa kwasekelwa nayi-Second International.Kodwa abaholi bezabasebenzi baseMelika bebengafuni ukuyiguqula ibe inhlangano yezepolitiki yesocialism noma ubukhomanisi.Ngakho ngokushesha umsebenzi wezisebenzi e-United States waqala ukushabalala.Nakuba inhlangano yabasebenzi eChicago yacindezelwa amasosha eNyunyana.Kodwa zisekhona izinzuzo.Ngo-1894, i-United States yasungula iholide likazwelonke elibizwa ngokuthi uSuku Lwabasebenzi ukuhlonipha abasebenzi.

 

Ukuze ungagubhi uSuku Lwabasebenzi ngoMeyi 1, osevele uhlotshaniswa nama-socialists kanye nama-anarchists.Uhulumeni umemezele “Usuku Lwabasebenzi” njengoMsombuluko wokuqala kuSepthemba.

 

Ukukhethwa kukaSepthemba nakho kwaba ngengozi.

 

Kwaziqondanela nje ukuthi, ngoSepthemba 5, 1882, umholi wabasebenzi baseDolobheni laseNew York uMcGill wahlela zonke izinyunyana zedolobha ukuba zenze umbukiso omkhulu, owokuqala owaba ngabaphathi bezidingo zosuku lomsebenzi wamahora ayisishiyagalombili.Kusukela lapho, abasebenzi baseNew York bebebamba imashi ekuqaleni kukaSepthemba minyaka yonke.Ngo-1894, izifundazwe eziningi nazo zagubha uSuku lwezabasebenzi ngoMsombuluko wokuqala kaSepthemba, ngakho-ke ngo-1894 ingqungquthela yavotela ukuqoka uMsombuluko wokuqala kaSepthemba njengoSuku lwezabasebenzi.

 

 

Nakuba, ngokuthuthuka okusheshayo kwe-United States, imboni yezinkonzo isiye yaba umkhakha omkhulu kunayo yonke, iqashe abantu abaningi kakhulu kunenani lezisebenzi.Kodwa uSuku Lwabasebenzi seluphenduke iholidi likazwelonke e-United States.

 


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Mar-26-2022